Gate of the Acropolis is the famous Propylaea (The term meant in the ancient Greek concept of the single gate, and «Propylaea» — a memorial to the entrance gate with the several columns).
Tribute to the beauty of «The Gate» gave many famous people. For example, Epamenonod, a famous strategist of the city of Thebes, said that if Thebes had Propylaea Athens, it would become equal in beauty to Athens (Greece).
History of the Propylaea
Like all other buildings of the Acropolis, «The Gate» were destroyed by the Persians and rebuilt in the era of Pericles by outstanding architect Mnesicles.
Although the final completion of construction was never completed.
In 432 BC. Construction was interrupted because of the threat of the Peloponnesian War.
In ancient times they were ornamented within the set of sculptures and at the north wing of the Gate of the Acropolis was a large room called the Pinacoteca (Art Gallery), whose walls were decorated with paintings of great artists of the 5 th century BC Propylaea shared the common fate of the Acropolis.
In the Middle Ages was located the main residence of the Duchy of Athens.
Later the Turks had set up there the ammunition depot. In 1645 lightning stroke in it and ignited gunpowder and a masterpiece Mnesicles was destroyed.
Propylaea on the map