Before the entrance to the Acropolis , near Propylaea, there is the famous hill of Areopagus dedicated to the god of war Ares. Now on the hill nothing is left (except that wonderful view of Athens at the bottom) but in ancient time it was the place of Athens council gathering.
And at this historic site preached his sermon about the «unknown
God» Apostle Paul.
Moving from the Acropolis to the direction of the sea you can get to the hill Pinks. Now this area is more reminiscent of a country park with lots of archaeological artifacts than urban areas but it is exactly the point (and the surrounding hills) were ancient Athens were located.
Hill Pinks is the cradle of democracy. At this place in ancient times assembled People’s Assembly. There were Themistocles and Pericles, and this is the place where important policy decisions were made.
At the same hill was in the ancient time the prison in which Socrates drank the cup of poison, as well as the tomb of Cimon — a strategy that ultimately drove the Persians out of Attica.
Nearby you can find the remains of an ancient road connecting the ancient Athens and Piraeus, as well as the remains of ancient fortifications. Along of a hill Pinks you can get to the hill Filoppapa. This is the highest point in the south of Athens and from here Xerxes watched the progress of the Battle Salominsk, because from this point the place of battle was perfectly visible.
The hill is named in honor of the monumental monument Julia Filopappa Antiochus (114-116 years BC) who was a Roman dignitary and an Athenian citizen. Monument frames sculptural relief depicting the moment of arrival Filopappa in a chariot to participate in the inauguration of the Roman consul in 100 A.C.
The last of the hills near the Acropolis is the hill of Nymphs. Earlier on the hill was a sanctuary dedicated to the nymphs, but today there is the Athens Observatory.